Advanced Formula: Numeric Functions

July 30, 2022

Numeric functions in Advanced Formula allow you to perform many of the common mathematical calculations in Jotform Tables, including conditional counts, exponents, and logarithms.

Here’s the list of numeric functions you can use in Jotform Tables:

Function Description
ABS Returns the absolute value of a number.
AVERAGE Returns the average of the supplied numbers.
CEILING Rounds a number up to the nearest integer.
COUNT Counts the number of numeric items.
COUNTA Counts the number of non-empty values.
COUNTALL Counts the number of all elements including text and blanks.
COUNTCHOICE Counts the number of options selected.
EVEN Rounds a number to the nearest even integer.
EXP Returns e raised to the power of a given number.
FLOOR Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.
INT Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.
LOG Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base.
MAX Returns the highest value.
MIN Returns the lowest value.
ODD Rounds a number to the nearest odd integer.
POWER Raise a number to a power.
ROUND Rounds a number to a specified number of digits.
ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number down, toward zero.
ROUNDUP Rounds a number up, away from zero.
SQRT Returns a positive square root.
SUM Adds its arguments.
VALUE Converts text to number.

See also:

ABS

Returns the absolute (positive) value of a number.

Syntax:

ABS(number)

Examples:

  • =ABS(-4) will return 4.
  • =ABS(4) will return 4.
  • =ABS(3-5) will return 2.

AVERAGE

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the arguments.

Syntax:

AVERAGE(number1[,number2,...])

Examples:

  • =AVERAGE(7,3) will return 5.
  • =AVERAGE(1,2,3) will return 2.

CEILING

Returns number rounded up, away from zero, to the nearest multiple of significance (default: 1).

Syntax:

CEILING(number[,significance])

Examples:

  • =CEILING(2.8) will return 3.
  • =CEILING(2.3) will return 3.
  • =CEILING(7,5) will return 10.
  • =CEILING(-8.3) will return -9.

COUNT

Counts the number of numeric arguments. Arguments that return numbers are counted.

Syntax:

COUNT(value1[,value2,...])

Examples:

  • =COUNT(5,6,"seven","eight","nine") will return 2.
  • =COUNT(3+2,TRUE(),LEN("Hello")) will return 3.

COUNTA | COUNTALL

Counts the number of arguments containing any type of information including error values and white spaces.

Syntax:

COUNTA(value1[,value2,...]) | COUNTALL(value1[,value2,...])

Examples:

  • =COUNTA("",,BLANK()) will return 0.
  • =COUNTALL("  ",0,ERROR(),FALSE()) will return 4.

COUNTCHOICE

Returns the number of selected checkbox options (i.e., Multiple Choice/Selection). The COUNTCHOICE function can also count the number of items of comma-separated values.

Syntax:

COUNTCHOICE(checkbox|text)

Examples:

  • =COUNTCHOICE({Multiple Choice}) will return the number of selected options.
  • =COUNTCHOICE("One,Two,Three") will return 3.

EVEN

Rounds a number, away from zero, to the nearest even integer.

Syntax:

EVEN(number)

Examples:

  • =EVEN(2.3) will return 4.
  • =EVEN(4.8) will return 6.
  • =EVEN(-2.3) will return -4.
  • =EVEN(-4.8) will return -6.

EXP

Returns Euler’s number (e) raised to the power of a given number.

Syntax:

EXP(number)

Examples:

  • =EXP(1) will return 2.718281828459.
  • =EXP(2) will return 7.3890560989307.

FLOOR

Returns number rounded down, toward zero, to the nearest multiple of significance (default: 1).

Syntax:

FLOOR(number[,significance])

Examples:

  • =FLOOR(2.8) will return 2.
  • =FLOOR(2.3) will return 2.
  • =FLOOR(18,4) will return 16.
  • =FLOOR(-8.8) will return -8.

INT

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.

Syntax:

INT(number)

Examples:

  • =INT(2.8) will return 2.
  • =INT(2.3) will return 2.
  • =INT(-2.3) will return -3.
  • =INT(-2.8) will return -3.

LOG

Returns the logarithm of a number to the optional base (default: 10).

Syntax:

LOG(number[,base])

Examples:

  • =LOG(10) will return 1.
  • =LOG(25,5) will return 2.
  • =LOG(8,2) will return 3.

MAX

Returns the largest value in a set of values.

Syntax:

MAX(number1[,number2,...])

Examples:

  • =MAX(3,2) will return 3.
  • =MAX(2,1,4) will return 4.
  • =MAX(7,13,9,15,9,11) will return 15.

MIN

Returns the smallest number in a set of values.

Syntax:

MIN(number1[,number2,...])

Examples:

  • =MIN(3,2) will return 2.
  • =MIN(2,1,4) will return 1.
  • =MIN(7,13,9,15,9,11) will return 7.

ODD

Rounds a number, away from zero, to the nearest odd integer.

Syntax:

ODD(number)

Examples:

  • =ODD(1.3) will return 3.
  • =ODD(3.8) will return 5.
  • =ODD(-1.3) will return -3.
  • =ODD(-3.8) will return -5.

POWER

Returns the result of a number raised to a power.

Syntax:

POWER(number,exponent)

Examples:

  • =POWER(2,3) will return 8.
  • =POWER(3,2) will return 9.
  • =POWER({Number},3) will return the cube of Number.

ROUND

Rounds a number to the specified number of decimal places.

Syntax:

ROUND(number,decimal)

Examples:

  • =ROUND(3.15,1) will return 3.2.
  • =ROUND(3.149,1) will return 3.1.
  • =ROUND(-1.375,2) will return -1.38.
  • =ROUND(-8.4,0) will return -8.

ROUNDDOWN

Rounds a number down, toward zero, to the specified number of decimal places.

Syntax:

ROUNDDOWN(number,decimal)

Examples:

  • =ROUNDDOWN(3.18,1) will return 3.1.
  • =ROUNDDOWN(3.13,1) will return 3.1.
  • =ROUNDDOWN(-1.378,2) will return -1.37.
  • =ROUNDDOWN(-8.79,0) will return -8.

ROUNDUP

Rounds a number up, away from zero, to the specified number of decimal places.

Syntax:

ROUNDUP(number,decimal)

Examples:

  • =ROUNDUP(3.18,1) will return 3.2.
  • =ROUNDUP(3.13,1) will return 3.2.
  • =ROUNDUP(-1.374,2) will return -1.38.
  • =ROUNDUP(-8.32,0) will return -9.

SQRT

Returns the square root of a number.

Syntax:

SQRT(number)

Examples:

  • =SQRT(25) will return 5.
  • =SQRT(-25) will return #NUM!.
  • =SQRT(ABS(-25)) will return 5.

SUM

Returns the sum of numeric arguments including arguments that return numbers.

Syntax:

SUM(number1[,number2,...])

Examples:

  • =SUM(2,3) will return 5.
  • =SUM(1,"Apple",2,"Bananas",4+3,"Grapes") will return 10.
  • =SUM(TRUE(),TRUE(),FALSE()) will return 2.

VALUE

Converts a text string that represents a number to a number.

Syntax:

VALUE(text)

Examples:

  • =VALUE("$123.45") will return 123.45.
  • =VALUE("12:00") will return 0.5.
  • =VALUE("6:00 PM") will return 0.75.
  • =VALUE("January 21, 2025") will return 45678.
  • =VALUE("2025-01-21") will return 45678.
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